Amber’s Swedish History – Chapter 12

Amber history 12
From Chapter 11

(For those of you who forgot where we were.)

De la Gardie’s victory in Russia was short lived. He was forced out of Moscow when Poland stormed into Russia with their own candidate, Sigismund’s son, Vladislav. Vladislav became the new tzar, but not for long.

 

Chapter 12

De la Gardie got his act together again and conquered Novgorod. He was able to control a large part of Russia for a few years and eventually force them to accept a Swedish tsar. The Russians decided on Karl Filip, the 11 year old son of Karl IX. His mother didn’t like the idea and by the time she decided to go along with it one of the Romanovs had become tsar. Karl Filip went back to Sweden and Karl IX began trying to raise money for more troops and cannons, but was unable to. He got so frustrated he had a heart attack which was followed by another heart attack. People could barely hear him when he gave his last speech at the Riksdag in 1610.

Kristan IV of Denmark
Kristan IV of Denmark

The Danes thought it looked like a good time to attack Sweden again and destroyed Göteborg while another Danish army lead by Kristian IV was heading for Kalmar. Karl IX was 61 by that time and partially paralyzed by all the strokes he had had, but the idea of another war turned him on. He was able to get another army together and started off for Kalmar. It was the bloodiest war ever fought between Sweden and Denmark. Kalmar castle was surrounded by the Danes and after a short siege the Swedish steward was bribed to open the gates. Karl IX freaked out and challenged Kristian IV to a duel that would decide everything, but the Danish king laughed at the idea. Karl IX died not too long after that, in 1911.

By this time Sweden was at war with both Russia and Denmark and their relationship with Poland was iffy. Swedes in Darlana and Norland were not happy. It was a realm without a king. Gustav Adolf ended up with the job when he was seventeen. He was manipulated into signing a Royal Oath which gave more privileges to the nobility. Some people refer to this oath as the first constitution. It stated that the king could not declare war, or peace, or hire troops, or increase taxes without the approval of the council, and that only the nobility could become councilors. All senior posts in the government were reserved for the nobility.

Gustav ii Adolf
Gustav Adolf

Sweden now had a choice. Should they try to expand into Poland and Russia, or stay at home? They decided to expand, no matter what the cost. “Beware the Swedes,” neighboring peoples used to say.

Coming Soon: Gustav The Great – Sweden Expands

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About Bruce Louis Dodson

Bruce Louis Dodson is an American expat now living in Borlänge, Sweden with his wife, cat and dog. He is an artist and world traveler who writes fiction and poetry and practices photography in his less than copious free time. His work has appeared in: Barely South Review - Boundaries Issue, Blue Collar Review, Pulsar Poetry (UK), Foliate Oak, Breadline Press West Coast Anthology . The E-buffet, Qarrtsiluni, Struggle Magazine, Pearl Literary Magazine, Contemporary Literature Review: India, 3rd Wednesday, Sleeping Cat Books - Trip of a Lifetime Anthology, Northern Liberties Review, Authors Abroad - Foreign & and Far Away Anthology, The Path, Page & Spine, The Crucible, Sleeping Cat Books -Trips of a Lifetime, Vine Leaves, Pirene's Fountain,Tic Toc Anthology - Kind of a Hurricane Press, Cordite Poetry Review, Buffalo Almanac and mgv2.
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4 Responses to Amber’s Swedish History – Chapter 12

  1. Another fine offering, Bruce – Thank you.

    When i look at the way rulers and monarchs of the past dressed
    it strikes me that such fine dress was in inverse proportion to the way they acted..but that’s
    just me.

    My best to You

    john

  2. I don’t know about Sweden expanding, Gustav Adolf looks like he was expanding enough for everybody.

  3. Thanks to Amber for catching me up on Swedish history. When I first looked, I thought Gustav was Donald Trump.

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